我室毛秉伟,田中群和詹东平在JACS上发表题为“Understanding the cubic phase stabilization and crystallization kinetics in mixed cations and halides perovskite single crystals”的研究论文

我室毛秉伟教授,田中群教授和詹东平教授在 JACS 上发表题为“Understanding the cubic phase stabilization and crystallization kinetics in mixed cations and halides perovskite single crystals”的研究论文。

文章链接:http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jacs.6b12432

文章摘要:

The spontaneous α-to-δ phase transition of the Formamidinium-based (FA) lead halide perovskite hinders its large scale application in solar cells. Though this phase transition can be inhibited by alloying with Methylammonium-based (MA) perovskite, the underlying mechanism is largely unexplored. In this communication, we grow high quality mixed cations and halides perovskite single crystals (FAPbI3)1-x(MAPbBr3)x to understand the principles for maintaining pure perovskite phase, which is essential to device optimization. We demonstrate that the best composition for a perfect α-phase perovskite without segregation is x = 0.1~0.15, and such a mixed perovskite exhibits carrier life time as long as 11.0 μs, which is over 20 times of that of FAPbI3 single crystal. Powder XRD, single crystal XRD and FT-IR results reveal that the incorporation of MA+ is critical for tuning the effective Goldschmidt tolerance factor towards the ideal value of 1 and lowering the Gibbs free energy via unit cell contraction and cation disorder. Moreover, we find that Br incorporation can effectively control the perovskite crystallization kinetics and reduce defect density to acquire high quality single crystals with significant inhibition of δ-phase. These findings benefit the understanding of α-phase stabilization behavior, and have led to fabrication of perovskite solar cells with highest efficiency of 19.9% via solvent management.